Wednesday, May 5, 2010


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other meanings of clockwise, see Clockwise (disambiguation).

The Clockwise directionA clockwise (typically abbreviated as CW) motion is one that proceeds 'like the clock's hands': from the top to the right, then down and then to the left, and back to the top. In a mathematical sense, a circle defined parametrically in a positive Cartesian plane by the equations x = sin t and y = cos t is traced clockwise as t increases in value. Described another way, continually turning right is clockwise motion, as viewed from above. The opposite sense of rotation or revolution is anticlockwise, British English term, the one used by the majority of the English-speaking world, and abbreviated ACW. Counterclockwise is the current American English term, and is used in Canada and the United States.

Contents [hide]
1 Origin of the term
2 Usage
3 In humans
4 References
5 See also

[edit] Origin of the term
Before clocks were commonplace, the terms "sunwise" and deiseil (from the Scottish Gaelic language from the same root as the Latin dexter, "right". This word is also used for "ready".) were used for clockwise. (Of course, deasil (righthandwards) is only sunwise in the Northern Hemisphere.) 'Widdershins' or 'withershins' (from Middle Low German weddersinnes, "opposite course") was used for anticlockwise.

The Anticlockwise or Counterclockwise directionActually, the terms clockwise (abbreviated CW) and anticlockwise (ACW) can only be applied to a rotational motion once a side of the rotational plane is specified, from which the rotation is observed. For example, the daily rotation of the Earth is anticlockwise when viewed from the North Pole, and clockwise when viewed from the South Pole.

Clocks traditionally follow this sense of rotation because of the clock's predecessor: the sundial. Clocks with hands were first built in the Northern Hemisphere (see main article), and they were made to work like sundials. In order for a horizontal sundial to work (in the Northern Hemisphere), it must be placed looking southward. Then, when the Sun moves in the sky (east to south to west), the shadow cast on the opposite side of the sundial moves with the same sense of rotation (west to north to east). That's why hours were drawn in sundials in that manner, and that's why modern clocks have their numbers set in the same way. Note, however, that on a vertical sundial (such as those placed on the walls of buildings), the shadow moves in the opposite direction, and some clocks were constructed to mimic this. The best-known surviving example is the astronomical clock in the Munster cathedral, whose hands move anticlockwise.

Occasionally, clocks whose hands revolve anticlockwise are nowadays sold as a novelty. Historically, some Jewish clocks were built that way, for example in some Synagogue towers in Europe. This was done in accordance with the right-to-left reading direction of the Hebrew language.[1]

[edit] Usage
Typical nuts, screws, bolts, and bottle caps are tightened (moved away from the observer) clockwise and loosened (moved towards the observer) Anticlockwise, in accordance with the right-hand rule.

A rough mnemonic for remembering this is "righty-tighty, lefty-loosey" (right to tighten, left to loosen). This mnemonic is ambiguous; depending on where the handle of the wrench, for example, is when the wrench is first applied to the nut (or bolt), moving it to the right may result in turning the nut (or bolt) clockwise or anticlockwise. Worse, when the wrench handle points exactly at the "three o'clock" (0°) or "nine o'clock" (180°) position, the mnemonic offers little help. Also, this mnemonic is applicable only to conventionally-threaded objects, those referred to as being 'right-handed' or as having 'right-hand' threads.

More generally, to the extent that this mnemonic can be applied at all, it only works when right and left are considered relative to an address of the top, or face, of the object, and not when the bottom, or back, of the object is being addressed. Analogously, the meaning of clockwise falls out when you are viewing the clock-face from within the clock - as you might on a tour of the Clock Tower, part of the Palace of Westminster, in London.

An alternative, simple-to-use approach - and one based on the right-hand rule - is to place one's loosely-clenched right hand above the object with the thumb pointing in the direction one wants the screw, nut, bolt, or cap ultimately to move, and the curl of the fingers, from the palm to the tips, will indicate in which way one needs to turn the screw, nut, bolt or cap to achieve the desired result. Most threaded objects are susceptible to application of the above; for a countably small number of exceptions (read: "left-handed" threads, or "reverse threads"), one substitutes the left-hand rule instead.

The reason for the clockwise orientation of most screws and bolts is that supination of the arm, which is used by a right-handed person to turn a screw clockwise, is generally stronger than pronation. Also, it was wise to adopt a single standard version for most screws and bolts - in order to eliminate endless confusion.

Sometimes the opposite sense of threading is used for a special reason. A thread might need to be left-handed to prevent the prevalent stresses that are present from loosening it. For example, some older automobiles and trucks had right-handed lug nuts on the right side of the vehicle and left-handed lug nuts on the left side of the vehicle. As the vehicle moved forward, the lug nuts tend to tighten. For a pair of bicycle pedals, for instance, one must be reverse-threaded, or the pedal will fall off; similarly, the flyer whorl of a spinning wheel uses a left-hand thread to keep from loosening in normal use. A turnbuckle has right-handed threads on one end and left-handed threads on the other end. Some gas fittings are left-handed to prevent disastrous misconnections. For example, oxygen fittings are right-handed, but acetylene and other flammable gases use left-handed fittings.

In trigonometry, and in mathematics in general, plane angles are conventionally measured anticlockwise. In navigation, compass headings increase in a clockwise direction around the compass face, starting with 0° at the top of the compass (the northerly direction).

[edit] In humans
Most left-handed humans prefer to draw circles clockwise and circulate in buildings clockwise, and most right-handed people prefer to draw circles and circulate in buildings anticlockwise. It is believed that this can be attributed to a dominant brain hemispheres. [2]

[edit] References
^ Theodore H. Blau, The torque test: A measurement of cerebral dominance. 1974, American Psychological Association.
[edit] See also
Chirality (physics), Chirality (chemistry)
Inner/Outer orientation
Optical isomerism
Retrograde motion
Relative direction
Retrieved from ""

Friday, April 23, 2010






0. 安装酷我音乐盒

1. 在百度上搜索一个可用的http代理服务器,例如这个网站上找一个cn的代理


代理 端口 国家
1 80 CN
2 8080 CN
3 80 US
4 80 CN
5 80 CN
6 80 SG
7 8080 CN
8 80 CN
9 80 US
10 3128 US
11 3128 US
12 3128 US
13 80 CN
14 80 CN
15 80 CN
16 8080 CN
17 80 CN
18 80 CN
19 80 SG
20 80 CN
21 80 US
22 80 CN
23 80 CN
24 80 CN
25 3128 US
26 3128 US
27 80 CN
28 3128 ID
29 3128 HK
30 80 CN

2. 在酷我音乐盒“选项设置”–>“代理”中使用这个代理(注意填好端口号)

3. 重启音乐盒,你应该可以搜索和看到歌曲了~~~